Is parotid gland cancer curable?
Most parotid gland cancers are slow-growing and treatable if found in the early stage. Prognosis varies according to histologic type and stage. A combination of radiation therapy and surgery is usually applied to treat this malignant tumor.
How is parotid cancer treated?
Treatment. Parotid tumor treatment usually involves surgery to remove the tumor. If the tumor contains cancer cells, your doctor may recommend additional treatments, such as radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
Is parotid cancer aggressive?
No patients had recurrence or distant metastasis after 5 disease-free years. Conclusions and Relevance Salivary duct carcinoma is an aggressive disease.
Where does parotid cancer spread to?
The parotid tissue is an uncommon location for metastases; it may involve head and neck carcinomas and cutaneous melanomas. More than 75% of parotid metastases are believed to spread into the intraparotid lymph nodes of a nearby malignancy.
How serious is parotid cancer?
If cancer is located only in the salivary gland, the 5-year survival rate is 95%. If the cancer has spread outside the salivary gland to nearby structures or lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 69%. If it is found after the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 44%.
Should a parotid tumor be removed?
Treatment Surgery is recommended for almost all parotid gland tumors, whether cancerous or benign. Although most tumors grow slowly and are non-cancerous, they will often continue to grow and occasionally can become cancerous. Treatment of a parotid tumor generally requires removing the parotid gland (parotidectomy).
What causes a tumor in the parotid gland?
Causes include dehydration, smoking and exposure to radiation. Most salivary tumors are noncancerous, and small blockages may pass without treatment. Severe cases may require the removal of a salivary gland.
Can parotid tumors go away on their own?
Salivary gland stones are the most common cause of this condition. Symptoms can include pain and swelling in the area around the back of your jaw. The condition often goes away on its own with little treatment. You may need additional treatment, such as surgery, to get rid of the stone.
How rare are parotid tumors?
Salivary gland cancers are not very common, making up less than 1% of cancers in the United States. They occur at a rate of about 1 case per 100,000 people per year in the United States. These cancers can occur in people of almost any age, but they become more common as people get older.