Do you have to have surgery for tongue cancer?

Does tongue cancer require surgery?

Glossectomy is the name of the surgery used to remove tongue cancers. For smaller cancers, only part of the tongue may need to be removed (partial glossectomy). For larger cancers, a more substantial portion of the tongue may need to be taken out. Reconstruction of the tongue is often part of the care plan.

Can oral cancer be treated without surgery?

People with stage IVB cancers that cannot be removed by surgery or who are too weak for surgery might be treated with radiation alone. Depending on a person’s overall health, chemoradiation or chemotherapy first followed by radiation might be options. Chemotherapy alone may also be recommended.

Is surgery necessary for oral cancer?

For small tumors, the narrow edge of normal tissue removed along with the tumor is usually small enough that reconstructive surgery isn‘t needed. But removing larger tumors may cause defects in the mouth, throat, or neck that will need to be repaired.

How do they remove cancer from your tongue?

Approaches used during tongue cancer surgery may include: Transoral surgery. At Mayo Clinic, surgeons remove most tongue cancer through the mouth (transoral surgery). To remove the cancer, doctors may use cutting tools or lasers during surgery.

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Does tongue cancer spread fast?

Most oral cancers are a type called squamous cell carcinoma. These cancers tend to spread quickly. Smoking and other tobacco use are linked to most cases of oral cancer. Heavy alcohol use also increases the risk for oral cancer.

Can you talk after tongue cancer?

Cancer on your tongue, for example, can make it harder to make “l” and “r” sounds. If you have a growth on the roof of your mouth, your voice may sound different. You could lose your voice. A speech and language therapist can help you speak more clearly.

Can tongue cancer be cured completely?

Tongue cancer is highly curable when it is detected early, but it can be life-threatening if not diagnosed and treated early. Over time, it may spread to other sites in the mouth, other areas of the head and neck, or other parts of the body.

How painful is tongue cancer?

The tumor is often difficult to see in the early stages, so it is usually diagnosed when it is larger. There are few symptoms in the early stages. In later stages, the cancer may cause pain, a sense of fullness in the throat, difficulty swallowing, the feeling of a lump in the neck or throat, voice changes or ear pain.

Can mouth cancer be cut out?

Surgery. Surgery for mouth cancer may include: Surgery to remove the tumor. Your surgeon may cut away the tumor and a margin of healthy tissue that surrounds it to ensure all of the cancer cells have been removed.

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Can you get rid of oral cancer?

Oral cancer is fairly common. It can be cured if found and treated at an early stage (when it’s small and has not spread). A healthcare provider or dentist often finds oral cancer in its early stages because the mouth and lips are easy to exam. The most common type of oral cancer is squamous cell carcinoma.

Is radiation necessary after tongue cancer surgery?

You might need radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy after surgery if your doctor thinks there is a high risk that your cancer will come back. Chemoradiotherapy means you have chemotherapy and radiotherapy together. Advanced cancer means your cancer is larger than 4cm.