Is Spitzoid melanoma rare?

Is Spitzoid melanoma aggressive?

Although there is a paucity of data, several smaller studies have suggested spitzoid melanomas are less aggressive and have a lower mortality rate when compared with conventional malignant melanoma, he said.

How common is Spitzoid melanoma?

Who gets spitzoid melanoma? Spitzoid melanomas are more common in adults than in children, but due to a very low rate of other cutaneous melanoma subtypes in children, the incidence of spitzoid melanomas is relatively high in children [2]. Spitzoid melanomas can occur in any ethnic group and on any body location [3].

How fast does Spitzoid melanoma grow?

Most Spitz tumors occur in patients younger than 20 years. In those who are in their 20s and 30s who have Spitz nevi, there is a greater likelihood of malignancy in the lesion. Clinically, Spitzoid melanomas are usually changing amelanotic nodular lesions, and can grow fairly rapidly over several months.

Is Spitzoid melanoma genetic?

Based on the observation that a considerable portion of spitzoid melanomas have the genetic hallmarks of other types of cutaneous melanomas, the 2018 WHO classification of skin tumors introduced the concept of Spitz melanoma (malignant Spitz tumor) as a melanoma subtype that not only has the morphologic features of …

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What causes Spitzoid melanoma?

Spitzoid melanoma is a type of skin cancer. It begins when the melanocytes in the skin grow out of control and form tumors. Melanocytes are the cells responsible for making melanin, the pigment that determines the color of the skin.

What does melanoma look like in early stages?

Pigment, redness or swelling that spreads outside the border of a spot to the surrounding skin. Itchiness, tenderness or pain. Changes in texture, or scales, oozing or bleeding from an existing mole. Blurry vision or partial loss of sight, or dark spots in the iris.

What type of melanoma is Spitzoid?

Spitzoid melanoma is a subtype of melanoma that, clinically and histologically, resembles a Spitz nevus. Clinically, spitzoid melanomas usually evolve from amelanotic nodular lesions, growing to 1 cm or more in diameter.

Can a Spitz nevus turn cancerous?

A Spitz nevus is a rare type of skin mole that usually affects young people and children. Although it can look like a serious form of skin cancer called melanoma, a Spitz nevus lesion isn’t considered cancerous.

Should a Spitz nevus be removed?

At the pigmented-lesion clinic of the New York University Skin and Cancer Unit, because of this concern about melanoma, it is usually recommended that Spitz nevi be completely excised.

What are Spitzoid neoplasms?

Spitzoid neoplasms are composed of large epithelioid and/ or spindle-shaped melanocytes with large nuclei that contain vesicular chromatin and often prominent nucleoli and are usually arranged in a distinctive architectural configuration (Figure ​ 2).

How often is Spitz nevus misdiagnosed?

Even if the biopsies are sometimes performed, owing to the overlap histopathologic features between melanoma and benign nevus, misdiagnosis is often. One study showed that up to 40% of children originally diagnosed with Spitz nevi were later found to have melanomas [5].

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