Which lymph nodes does testicular cancer spread to?
When testicular cancer spreads, it most commonly spreads to the lung and the lymph nodes of the chest, pelvis, and the base of the neck. More advanced stages may have spread to the liver and bones.
Can testicular cancer spread to groin?
Conclusion: Metastases to the inguinal region are found in approximately 2% of patients with testicular cancer; about a quarter have lymph-node metastases, the rest probably having metastases to the spermatic cord with direct invasion into the surrounding tissue.
Which lymph nodes does testicular cancer spread to first?
Therefore, testis cancer has a very predictable pattern of spread. The first place these cancers typically spread is to the lymph nodes around the kidneys, an area called the retroperitoneum.
Can testicular cancer lead to lymphoma?
Less than 5% of individuals with cancer in the testes actually have lymphoma. 1 In people over the age of 50 years, however, lymphoma is the most common cancer of the testes as germ cell tumors in this age group are rare.
Does testicular cancer spread quickly?
Seminomas tend to grow and spread more slowly than nonseminomas, which are more common, accounting for roughly 60 percent of all testicular cancers. How quickly a cancer spreads will vary from patient to patient.
How long can you live with untreated testicular cancer?
5 years is a common time point to measure survival. But some people live much longer than this. 5 year survival is the number of people who have not died from their cancer within 5 years after diagnosis.
Do your balls hurt if you have testicular cancer?
Lump or swelling in the testicle
Some testicular tumors might cause pain, but most of the time they don’t. Men with testicular cancer can also have a feeling of heaviness or aching in the lower belly (abdomen) or scrotum.
Can late stage testicular cancer be cured?
Some types of recurring testicular cancer have a cure rate of over 95%. Recurrences that happen after previous combination chemotherapy can also be cured, but the chances of this will vary between individuals and you’ll need to ask your doctors to discuss this with you.
What happens if you don’t treat testicular cancer?
If it is not detected and treated, testicular cancer eventually can spread to the lungs, brain, liver, and other parts of the body. Certain types of testicular cancer are more likely to spread than others. Sometimes the cancer will have already spread at the initial time of diagnosis.
Do you feel ill with testicular cancer?
a dull ache or sharp pain in your testicles or scrotum, which may come and go. a feeling of heaviness in your scrotum.
Is testicular cancer aggressive?
An Aggressive, Yet Treatable Cancer
Testicular cancer is a rare malignancy, with only about 8,000 cases diagnosed in the United States each year. When the disease does strike, however, it can be highly aggressive. About two-thirds of patients are first diagnosed with disease that has spread, or metastasized.
Why is there no stage 4 testicular cancer?
There is no stage IV (4) testicular cancer. Some stages are split further to cover more details, using capital letters (A, B, etc.). As a rule, the lower the number, the less the cancer has spread. A higher number, such as stage III, means cancer has spread more.