How can you reduce your risk of vulvar cancer?
Can Vulvar Cancer Be Prevented?
- Avoid HPV infection. Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is a risk factor for vulvar cancer. …
- Get vaccinated. Vaccines that protect against certain HPV infections are available. …
- Don’t smoke. Not smoking is another way to lower the risk for vulvar cancer. …
- Get regular pelvic checkups.
Can vaginal cancer be prevented?
The best way to reduce the risk of vaginal cancer is to avoid known risk factors and to find and treat any vaginal pre-cancers. But since many women with vaginal cancer have no known risk factors, it’s not possible to completely prevent this disease.
Does vulvar cancer spread fast?
Vulvar cancer begins on the surface of the vulva. Most of these cancers grow slowly, remaining on the surface for years. However, some (for example, melanomas) grow quickly.
What is the standard treatment for vulvar cancer?
The main treatment for vulvar cancer is surgery.
Radiation therapy and chemotherapy may be used if the cancer cannot be entirely removed with surgery, if the cancer has a high risk of coming back, and/or if the cancer is found in lymph nodes.
What are the warning signs of vulvar cancer?
Vulvar Cancer Symptoms
- Constant itching.
- Changes in the color and the way the vulva looks.
- Bleeding or discharge not related to menstruation.
- Severe burning, itching or pain.
- An open sore that lasts for more than a month.
- Skin of the vulva looks white and feels rough.
How do I check myself for vulvar cancer?
How Do I Perform a Vulvar Self-Exam?
- Stand, squat, or sit over the top of a handheld mirror, making sure you can see your genitals clearly. …
- Check the area where your pubic hair grows. …
- Next, find your clitoris. …
- Check your labia majora (the outer lips) and feel for any bumps.
What are the odds of vaginal cancer?
Vaginal cancer is rare. It accounts for 1% to 2% of cancers in the female genital tract, and a very small portion of cancers overall. Vaginal cancer occurs mainly in older women. The average age at the time of diagnosis is 67.
Is HPV the only way to get vulvar cancer?
Some doctors think there are 2 kinds of vulvar cancer. One kind is associated with HPV infection (more than half of all vulvar cancers are linked to infection with the high-risk HPV types) and tends to occur in younger women.
What happens if you have vulvar cancer?
Some signs of vulvar cancer are skin changes in part of the vulva, a new bump, skin feeling thick or rough, itching, burning, an open sore, and new bleeding, spotting, or discharge from the vagina.
What did your vulvar cancer look like?
An area on the vulva that looks different from normal – it could be lighter or darker than the normal skin around it, or look red or pink. A bump or lump, which could be red, pink, or white and could have a wart-like or raw surface or feel rough or thick. Thickening of the skin of the vulva.