What are the latest treatments for endometrial cancer?
An exciting new area of research is the use of immunotherapy to treat endometrial cancer. This is treatment that uses the body’s own immune system to fight cancer. The immune system uses certain proteins to “see” and attack foreign cells while leaving normal cells alone.
How is endometrial cancer treated without surgery?
If a woman cannot have surgery, the doctor may recommend radiation therapy instead. Options for giving radiation therapy to treat uterine cancer may include radiation therapy directed towards the whole pelvis and/or applied only to the vaginal cavity, often called vaginal brachytherapy.
Is endometrial cancer easy to treat?
And with good reason. While endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic cancer, it is typically the most treatable: The five-year survival rate is nearly 82%.
Does endometrial cancer spread quickly?
The most common type of endometrial cancer (type 1) grows slowly. It most often is found only inside the uterus. Type 2 is less common. It grows more rapidly and tends to spread to other parts of the body.
How long can you live with untreated endometrial cancer?
Five other cases of untreated endometrial carcinoma were found in the literature. The patients had varying length of survival (range: 5 months to 12 years), but all patients experienced generally good health several years after diagnosis.
What happens if endometrial cancer is not treated?
If left untreated, endometrial cancer can spread to the bladder or rectum, or it can spread to the vagina, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and more distant organs. Fortunately, endometrial cancer grows slowly and, with regular checkups, is usually found before spreading very far.
Is Stage 3 endometrial cancer curable?
If cancer exists outside the radiation field, the cancer cells are not destroyed by the radiation. Treatment of stage III uterine cancer with surgery followed by adjuvant brachytherapy and/ or external beam radiation therapy has been reported to cure approximately 50% of patients.
Can endometrial cancer be seen on ultrasound?
If you have symptoms, your doctor may perform an endometrial biopsy or a transvaginal ultrasound. These tests can be used to help diagnose or rule out uterine cancer. Your doctor may do this test in his or her office, or may refer you to another doctor.
How do you feel with endometrial cancer?
Pelvic pain, a mass, and weight loss
Pain in the pelvis, feeling a mass (tumor), and losing weight without trying can also be symptoms of endometrial cancer. These symptoms are more common in later stages of the disease.
Is Stage 1b endometrial cancer curable?
Stage IB is cancer that invades less than one half of the muscle wall of the uterus. Stage IC is cancer that invades more than one half of the muscle wall of the uterus. Stage I uterine cancer is curable with surgery alone for the majority of patients.