What does breast cancer in situ mean?

What does it mean when cancer is in situ?

Carcinoma in situ (CIS) is a group of abnormal cells that are found only in the place where they first formed in the body (see left panel). These abnormal cells may become cancer and spread to nearby normal tissue (see right panel).

Is carcinoma in situ really cancer?

In general, carcinoma in situ is the earliest form of cancer, and is considered stage 0. An example of carcinoma in situ is ductal carcinoma in situ, or DCIS, which is considered an early form of breast cancer and occurs when abnormal cells form a breast’s milk duct.

What is the difference between invasive and in situ breast cancer?

In situ vs.

In situ breast cancer (ductal carcinoma in situ or DCIS) is a cancer that starts in a milk duct and has not grown into the rest of the breast tissue. The term invasive (or infiltrating) breast cancer is used to describe any type of breast cancer that has spread (invaded) into the surrounding breast tissue.

Is breast cancer in situ really cancer?

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) means the cells that line the milk ducts of the breast have become cancer, but they have not spread into surrounding breast tissue. DCIS is considered non-invasive or pre-invasive breast cancer.

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How serious is carcinoma in situ?

These in situ cells are not cancer, but they could become malignant. If they do this, they can start to invade other tissues. For this reason, a doctor will recommend treatment to remove the cells. This will reduce the risk of cancer developing later.

What stage is cancer in situ?

In situ means “in place.” Stage 0 cancers are still located in the place they started. They have not spread to nearby tissues. This stage of cancer is often curable. Surgery can usually remove the entire tumor.

How is carcinoma in situ treated?

Treatment of DCIS has a high likelihood of success, in most instances removing the tumor and preventing any recurrence. In most people, treatment options for DCIS include: Breast-conserving surgery (lumpectomy) and radiation therapy. Breast-removing surgery (mastectomy)

What are the symptoms of carcinoma in situ?

When ductal carcinoma in situ does produce symptoms, the most common include:

  • Breast pain.
  • Bloody discharge from the nipple.
  • A palpable lump in the breast tissue.
  • A red, scaly rash known as Paget’s disease of the breast.

What is the easiest breast cancer to treat?

Invasive breast cancers are staged I through IV, with stage I being the earliest stage and easiest to treat, while stages II and III represent advancing cancer, with stage IV representing breast cancer cells that have spread (metastasized) to distant organs like the bones, lungs, or brain.

What is the deadliest breast cancer?

Metastatic Breast Cancer

The most serious and dangerous breast cancers – wherever they arise or whatever their type – are metastatic cancers. Metastasis means that the cancer has spread from the place where it started into other tissues distant from the original tumor site.

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