How is lymphoma caused?
Doctors aren’t sure what causes lymphoma. But it begins when a disease-fighting white blood cell called a lymphocyte develops a genetic mutation. The mutation tells the cell to multiply rapidly, causing many diseased lymphocytes that continue multiplying.
Who is most at risk for lymphoma?
Age. People between the ages of 15 and 40 and people older than 55 are more likely to develop Hodgkin lymphoma. Gender. In general, men are slightly more likely to develop Hodgkin lymphoma than women, although the nodular sclerosis subtype is more common in women (see the Introduction).
What is the most common early symptom of lymphoma?
The best way to find lymphoma early is to pay attention to possible signs and symptoms. One of the most common symptoms is enlargement of one or more lymph nodes, causing a lump or bump under the skin which is usually not painful. This is most often on the side of the neck, in the armpit, or in the groin.
Can stress cause lymphoma?
There is no evidence that stress can make lymphoma (or any type of cancer) worse. Remember: scientists have found no evidence to suggest that there’s anything you have, or have not done, to cause you to develop lymphoma.
How do I know I have lymphoma?
Swollen lymph nodes, fever, and night sweats are common symptoms of lymphoma. Symptoms of lymphoma often depend on the type you have, what organs are involved, and how advanced your disease is. Some people with lymphoma will experience obvious signs of the disease, while others won’t notice any changes.
What is the chance of getting lymphoma?
Overall, the chance that a man will develop NHL in his lifetime is about 1 in 41; for a woman, the risk is about 1 in 52. But each person’s risk can be affected by a number of risk factors. NHL can occur at any age. In fact, it is one of the more common cancers among children, teens, and young adults.
How long could you have lymphoma without knowing?
These grow so slowly that patients can live for many years mostly without symptoms, although some may experience pain from an enlarged lymph gland. After five to 10 years, low-grade disorders begin to progress rapidly to become aggressive or high-grade and produce more severe symptoms.
Do you feel sick with lymphoma?
Lymphoma in the stomach can cause inflammation of the stomach lining (gastritis), which may cause pain, nausea (feeling sick) and vomiting.
Can a blood test detect lymphoma?
Blood tests aren’t used to diagnose lymphoma, though. If the doctor suspects that lymphoma might be causing your symptoms, he or she might recommend a biopsy of a swollen lymph node or other affected area.