You asked: How is germ cell tumors diagnosed?

What are the symptoms of germ cell cancer?

What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Germ Cell Tumors?

  • constipation or trouble holding pee if the tumor is in the pelvis.
  • leg weakness if the tumor presses on the nerves at the bottom of the spine.
  • a testicle of an unusual shape or size.

Is germ cell tumor curable?

Treatment for malignant tumors includes surgery or chemotherapy. The outlook depends on the stage of the cancer, the tumor’s size and whether it has spread to other parts of your body. Most germ cell tumors are treatable.

What percentage of germ cell tumors are cancerous?

Germ cell tumors are rare. Germ cell tumors account for about 2 to 4 percent of all cancers in children and adolescents younger than age 20. Germ cell tumors can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. The most common sites for metastasis are the lungs, liver, lymph nodes, and central nervous system.

Where would you expect to find germ cell tumors?

Germ cell tumors arise in the ovaries (in girls), the testes (in boys), and in several other locations, including the lower back (common in infancy), the abdomen, the chest, and within the brain. Germ cell tumors starting within the brain are discussed further under Brain Tumors.

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What is the survival rate of germ cell tumor?

The survival and cure rates also depend on several factors, including the stage of the disease. The cure rate for children with a stage I or stage II germ cell tumor is 90%. The cure rate for a stage III tumor is 87%. The cure rate for a stage IV tumor is 82%.

How aggressive is germ cell cancer?

It’s often an aggressive cancer that spreads quickly to the lymph nodes and other parts of the body. They’re typically treated with surgery and chemotherapy.

Do germ cell tumors grow fast?

This is a germ cell tumor that is most often malignant, but may also be benign. This tumor most often affects the ovaries or testes, and the lower spine. They are often malignant and grow fast.

Do germ cell tumors run in families?

Familial testicular germ cell tumors are well known in literature. Only few cases are reported where both brother and sister of the same family suffered from germ cell malignancies.

Can adults have germ cell tumors?

In adults, extragonadal germ cell tumors account for 15% of primary ante- rior mediastinal tumors [12]. More than half of mediastinal germ cell tumors are mature teratomas. Among malignant mediastinal germ cell tumors, 40% are seminomas and 60% are nonseminomatous tumors.

What are the two types of germ cell tumors?

There are two types of germ cell tumors that start in the gonads, or reproductive organs: seminomas, which are slower-growing, and nonseminomas, which are faster-growing tumors. These germ cell tumors typically form during puberty.

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Is a germ cell tumor a solid tumor?

They can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Although germ cell tumors are rare in children under age 15, they are the most common solid tumors in adolescents, accounting for 14 percent of all cancers among those 15-19 years old.