What does average risk for colon cancer mean?

What is considered high risk for colon cancer screening?

*For screening, people are considered to be at average risk if they do not have: A personal history of colorectal cancer or certain types of polyps. A family history of colorectal cancer. A personal history of inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease)

What is average risk?

By “average risk,” we refer to people not known or suspected to be at drastically increased or decreased risk due to highly penetrant genetic mutations (e.g., Lynch syndrome); comorbidities known to increase risk (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease); and without previous diagnosis of cancer or pre-cancer (e.g., colonic …

Who gets colon cancer the most?

The disease is most common in people older than 50, and the chance of getting colorectal cancer goes up with each decade past age 40. Cancers are very rare in people younger than 40, except those who have a strong family history of the disease. Gender. Colorectal cancer is more common in men.

What was your first colon cancer symptom?

Diarrhea, constipation, or feeling that the bowel does not empty completely. General abdominal discomfort, such as frequent gas pains, bloating, fullness and/or cramps. Constant feeling of fatigue or tiredness. New onset anemia diagnosed on routine lab work.

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What does poop look like with colon cancer?

Usually, the stools (poop) of the patients with colon cancer may have the following characteristics: Black poop is a red flag for cancer of the bowel. Blood from in the bowel becomes dark red or black and can make poop stools look like tar. Such poop needs to be investigated further.

How colon cancer is detected?

Usually if a suspected colorectal cancer is found by any screening or diagnostic test, it is biopsied during a colonoscopy. In a biopsy, the doctor removes a small piece of tissue with a special instrument passed through the scope. Less often, part of the colon may need to be surgically removed to make the diagnosis.

At what age is a colonoscopy no longer necessary?

A recent study examines this issue for colonoscopy. Currently, the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends stopping at age 75. For older ages, “selective” testing may be considered for what is likely to be a small benefit.

When should a female get a colonoscopy?

The American Cancer Society recommends people of average risk begin screening at age 45. After your initial screening, most people will not need another colonoscopy for 10 years.

Who should not have a colonoscopy?

Q. Is there anyone who should not have the procedure? Colonoscopy is not recommended in pregnant patients, patients 75 years or older, patients with limited life expectancy, or in patients with severe medical problems making them high risk for sedation.